How to maintain the health of bones and joints - Article - NovolifeСlinic | Clinic hydrogen medicine clinic Khachatryan Nur-Sultan

How to maintain the health of bones and joints

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  1. Maintain good posture and healthy habits, to avoid unnecessary stress to bones and joints:

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    • Always sitting, dropping both feet on the floor or on the rail foot.

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    • Always stand on both feet, evenly distributing weight and pressure.

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    • Keep your back straight, never slouch while you work or study. If necessary, raise the table or take a chair down so not to bend forward.

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    • Lift and carry a lighter load. It is better to make a few trips, than to lift and carry extremely heavy cargo in one fell swoop.

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    • Carry things on both shoulders, and make sure that the backpack straps are aligned so that the load was offset on both shoulders.

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    • Keep your head straight, do not tilt it forward or to the side.

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    • Sleep on your pillows suitable height, so that while sleeping your back straight.

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    • sit, stand or lie with a curved spine.

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    • do Not pull the fingers to eat the joints.

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    • Wear comfortable, loose clothing.

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    • do Not sit on the spine or the coccyx.

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    • Sit on the bones of the thighs and legs with proper support for the back with the correct alignment of the height of the counter, table or Desk.

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  3. Wear suitable clothes. Tight clothes of stiff material can interfere with parts of the body to move and support themselves. Tight clothing also irritates and hampers the flexibility of the nerves and muscles and interferes with the free flow of blood and lymph. Ligaments are designed to keep the bones in place, but if you wear tight clothing to keep the body, then this natural support is weakening. Tight clothes can also compress the ribs. So wear loose clothing and keep the body warm. Do not wear tight shoes, they can pinch and deform the foot. The high-heeled shoes, on the other hand, can bring the body out of its natural position and predispose to injury.

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  5. Eat well. Eat nutritious foods to meet the needs of growing tissues. This is especially important for young children whose bones are growing at a rapid pace. Consume foods rich in calcium, a mineral needed for bone formation. Vitamin D is also necessary, it is possible to soaking up the sun. Consume enough proteins, they supply the body with amino acids for the formation of ligaments and joints.

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  7. Be careful to avoid injury. If a bone is broken, immediately contact your doctor. Broken bones strong tendons can be stretched so much that the jagged edges of the fault moves (the slip or slip past each other), tearing soft tissues. If there is no physician, make sure that the broken bone has not shifted, putting the bus.

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    • Immobilise the limb.

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    • If a broken arm, make a sling from a handkerchief or piece of clothing, fasten it in his hand, and then tightly attach the band to the clothes.

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    • If a broken leg, lying on the spot. Elevate the leg above the heart level. If damaged skin, rinse the wound with saline and apply a sterile dressing. Call for an ambulance.

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  9. When you sprain or dislocation, relax place of stretching.Apply ice to reduce swelling. Apply ice from time to time for 15 minutes, 3-5 times a day, as needed. Make dressingjoint, to keep it in place. Lift place stretching to promote venous outflow and decrease swelling. Remember: relax, apply ice to make a compress, elevate.

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  11. prevent and treat diseases of bones and joints. Example:

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    • Rheumatism: inflammation of the joints and connective tissues could worsen due to cold and humidity. So make sure to stay warm and dry.

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    • Rickets: a children's disease caused by a deficiency of vitamin D. To prevent this disease get lots of sunlight.

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    • Gutta: the deposition in the joints of the urate crystals in the form of uric acid that cause inflammation. There is a genetic predisposition to gout, but it can also be caused by lead poisoning, alcohol consumption (especially beer) and consumption of large amounts of meat, so try to avoid these foods, especially if you've had previous episodes or this disease affects someone from your immediate family members.